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68th Congress (1923–1925)

Congressional Profile

Total Membership:

  • 435 Representatives
  • 2 Delegates
  • 3 Resident Commissioners

Party Divisions:*

  • 207 Democrats
  • 225 Republicans
  • 2 Farmer-Labor
  • 1 Socialist

*Party division totals are based on election day results.

  • Election Statistics, 1922 [PDF]

Congress Overview

Republicans increased their House majority and maintained their Senate majority after the 1922 election. The 68th Congress (1923–1925) reorganized the Veterans’ Bureau and established the Foreign Service. It passed the Federal Corrupt Practices Act, which set campaign finance law for almost 50 years. Congress overrode President Calvin Coolidge’s veto of veterans’ compensation. It also revised the immigration quota system to favor those of western European origin and completely exclude Japanese immigrants.

Historical Highlights

See more Historical Highlights.

Member Information

  • Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress, (1774–2005), Official Annotated Membership Roster by State with Vacancy and Special Election Information for the 68th Congress. [PDF]
  • Learn more about the House of Representatives with an interactive map

Learn more about the People of the People's House

Leadership & Officers

Speaker of the House:
Frederick H. Gillett (R–Massachusetts)
Majority Leader:
Nicholas Longworth (R–Ohio)
Minority Leader:
Finis J. Garrett (D–Tennessee)
Democratic Whip:
William A. Oldfield (D–Arkansas)
Republican Whip:
Albert H. Vestal (R–Indiana)
Democratic Caucus Chairman:
Henry T. Rainey (D–Illinois)
Republican Conference Chairman:
Sydney Anderson (R–Minnesota)
Clerk of the House:
William Tyler Page
Sergeant at Arms:
Joseph G. Rogers
Chaplain of the House:
James Shera Montgomery – Methodist
Doorkeeper:
Bert W. Kennedy
Postmaster:
Frank W. Collier
Clerk at the Speaker's Table:
Lehr Fess

To view complete lists of individuals who have served in these leadership and official positions since the 1st Congress, visit the People section