*Party division totals are based on election day results.
Democrats retained Congress and the White House after the 1916 elections. The 65th Congress (1917–1919) began historically: Montana’s Jeannette Rankin became the first woman to serve in Congress; President Woodrow Wilson delivered his war message; and Congress declared war on Germany. Congress then focused on World War I: generating revenues; instituting conscription; mobilizing industry; and protecting the country against espionage and sabotage. President Wilson’s “Fourteen Points” provided national goals for the war. Congress also sent to the states a constitutional amendment banning the production and sale of alcohol.
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To view complete lists of individuals who have served in these leadership and official positions since the 1st Congress, visit the People section
1For this period, there is no official record in the minutes of the Democratic Caucus or elsewhere of the name of the Democratic Whip.
2Appointed due to Clark's resignation to join the military.