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65th Congress (1917–1919)

Congressional Profile

Total Membership:

  • 435 Representatives
  • 2 Delegates
  • 3 Resident Commissioners

Party Divisions:*

  • 214 Democrats
  • 215 Republicans
  • 3 Progressives
  • 1 Independent Republican
  • 1 Prohibitionist
  • 1 Socialist

*Party division totals are based on election day results.

Congress Overview

Democrats retained Congress and the White House after the 1916 elections. The 65th Congress (1917–1919) began historically: Montana’s Jeannette Rankin became the first woman to serve in Congress; President Woodrow Wilson delivered his war message; and Congress declared war on Germany. Congress then focused on World War I: generating revenues; instituting conscription; mobilizing industry; and protecting the country against espionage and sabotage. President Wilson’s “Fourteen Points” provided national goals for the war. Congress also sent to the states a constitutional amendment banning the production and sale of alcohol.

Historical Highlights

See more Historical Highlights.

Member Information

  • Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress, (1774–2005), Official Annotated Membership Roster by State with Vacancy and Special Election Information for the 65th Congress. [PDF]
  • Learn more about the House of Representatives with an interactive map

Learn more about the People of the People's House

Leadership & Officers

Speaker of the House:
James Beauchamp Clark (D–Missouri)
Majority Leader:
Claude Kitchin (D–North Carolina)
Minority Leader:
James R. Mann (R–Illinois)
Democratic Whip:
N/A 1
Republican Whip:
Charles M. Hamilton (R–New York)
Democratic Caucus Chairman:
Edward W. Saunders (D–Virginia)
Republican Conference Chairman:
William S. Greene (R–Massachusetts)
Clerk of the House:
South Trimble
Sergeant at Arms:
Robert B. Gordon
Chaplain of the House:
Henry N. Couden – Universalist
Joseph J. Sinnott
William M. Dunbar
Clerk at the Speaker's Table:
Bennett C. Clark
Clarence A. Cannon 2

To view complete lists of individuals who have served in these leadership and official positions since the 1st Congress, visit the People section


1For this period, there is no official record in the minutes of the Democratic Caucus or elsewhere of the name of the Democratic Whip.

2Appointed due to Clark's resignation to join the military.