*Party division totals are based on election day results.
Democrats retained Congress and the White House after the 1916 elections. The 65th Congress (1917–1919) began historically: Montana’s Jeannette Rankin became the first woman to serve in Congress; President Woodrow Wilson delivered his war message; and Congress declared war on Germany. Congress then focused on World War I: generating revenues; instituting conscription; mobilizing industry; and protecting the country against espionage and sabotage. President Wilson’s “Fourteen Points” provided national goals for the war. Congress also sent to the states a constitutional amendment banning the production and sale of alcohol.