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63rd Congress (1913–1915)

Congressional Profile

Total Membership:

  • 435 Representatives
  • 2 Delegates
  • 3 Resident Commissioners

Party Divisions:*

  • 291 Democrats
  • 134 Republicans
  • 9 Progressives
  • 1 Independent

*Party division totals are based on election day results.

Congress Overview

Democrats controlled the 63rd Congress (1913–1915) after sweeping the 1912 elections. President Woodrow Wilson implemented a long-held belief that the executive should be the nation’s legislative leader. He revived the original practice of addressing Congress in person and shepherded major legislation to passage: tariff and anti-trust reform, the creation of the Federal Reserve System, and the establishment of the Federal Trade Commission. The outbreak of World War I in Europe, though, threatened the future of reform.

Historical Highlights

 

See more Historical Highlights.

Member Information

  • Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress, (1774–2005), Official Annotated Membership Roster by State with Vacancy and Special Election Information for the 63rd Congress. [PDF]
  • Learn more about the House of Representatives with an interactive map

Learn more about the People of the People's House

Leadership & Officers

Speaker of the House:
James Beauchamp Clark (D–Missouri)
Majority Leader:
Oscar W. Underwood (D–Alabama)
Minority Leader:
James R. Mann (R–Illinois)
Democratic Whip:
Thomas M. Bell (D–Georgia)
Republican Whip:
Charles H. Burke (R–South Dakota)
Democratic Caucus Chairman:
A. Mitchell Palmer (D–Pennsylvania)
Republican Conference Chairman:
William S. Greene (R–Massachusetts)
Clerk of the House:
South Trimble
Sergeant at Arms:
Charles F. Riddell
Robert B. Gordon 1
Chaplain of the House:
Henry N. Couden – Universalist
Doorkeeper:
Joseph J. Sinnott
Postmaster:
William M. Dunbar
Clerk at the Speaker's Table:
Bennett C. Clark

To view complete lists of individuals who have served in these leadership and official positions since the 1st Congress, visit the People section

Footnotes

1Elected April 7, 1913