*Party division totals are based on election day results.
Republicans retained control of Congress after the 1906 elections. The 60th Congress (1907–1909) produced the Aldrich-Vreeland Emergency Currency Act, which armed the federal government with the tools to support the nation’s banks during financial panics and established a National Monetary Commission to review the banking and currency system. Congress also attacked the opium trade and revised the criminal code.
2Caucus records are contradictory for this period. They show the election of Representative James Hay as chairman on January 19, 1911, but do not mention a resignation by incumbent chairman Clayton, nor do they specify that Hay was elected chairman for the new Congress. Later, they show the election of Representative Burleson on April 11, 1911.