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59th Congress (1905–1907)

Congressional Profile

Total Membership:

  • 386 Representatives
  • 5 Delegates
  • 1 Resident Commissioner

Party Divisions:*

  • 135 Democrats
  • 251 Republicans

*Party division totals are based on election day results.

Congress Overview

Republicans swept the 1904 elections, increasing their control of the House while retaining their hold on the Senate and White House. The 59th Congress (1905–1907) tackled a variety of reforms. It granted the Interstate Commerce Commission railroad enforcement powers; charged the Agriculture Department with inspecting meat-packing facilities; passed the Pure Food and Drug Act; and prohibited corporations from contributing to political campaigns. Congress also established the Bureau of Immigration and Naturalization, passed legislation to limit contract laborers, and created new regulations for issuing U.S. passports.

Historical Highlights

See more Historical Highlights.

Member Information

  • Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress, (1774–2005), Official Annotated Membership Roster by State with Vacancy and Special Election Information for the 59th Congress. [PDF]
  • Learn more about the House of Representatives with an interactive map

Learn more about the People of the People's House

Leadership & Officers

Speaker of the House:
Joseph G. Cannon (R–Illinois)
Majority Leader:
Sereno E. Payne (R–New York)
Minority Leader:
John Sharp Williams (D–Mississippi)
Democratic Whip:
James T. Lloyd (D–Missouri)
Republican Whip:
James E. Watson (R–Indiana)
Democratic Caucus Chairman:
Robert L. Henry (D–Texas)
Republican Conference Chairman:
William P. Hepburn (R–Iowa)
Clerk of the House:
Alexander McDowell
Sergeant at Arms:
Henry Casson
Chaplain of the House:
Henry N. Couden – Universalist
Doorkeeper:
Frank B. Lyon
Postmaster:
J.C. McElroy
Clerk at the Speaker's Table:
Asher C. Hinds

To view complete lists of individuals who have served in these leadership and official positions since the 1st Congress, visit the People section