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54th Congress (1895–1897)

Congressional Profile

Total Membership:

  • 357 Representatives
  • 4 Delegates

Party Divisions:*

  • 93 Democrats
  • 254 Republicans
  • 9 Populists
  • 1 Silver

*Party division totals are based on election day results.

Visitors' Gallery Pass/tiles/non-collection/1/1885VisitorsGalleryPass_2010_016_012.xml Collection of the U.S. House of Representatives
About this object

Congress Overview

Republicans resoundingly won control of both chambers of the 54th Congress (1895–1897) amid a deepening economic depression, but President Grover Cleveland’s fearless use of the veto, tempered the new majority’s ambition. A veto, for example, defeated an attempt to limit immigration to the literate. In response to Cleveland’s defense of the Monroe Doctrine, Congress approved an arbitration commission over the Venezuela-British Guiana boundary dispute. Congress also lifted the ban on former Confederate officials, soldiers, and sailors serving in the armed forces.

Historical Highlights

See more Historical Highlights.

Member Information

  • Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress, (1774–2005), Official Annotated Membership Roster by State with Vacancy and Special Election Information for the 54th Congress. [PDF]
  • Learn more about the House of Representatives with an interactive map

Learn more about the People of the People's House

Leadership & Officers

Speaker of the House:
Thomas B. Reed (R–Maine)
Democratic Caucus Chairman:
David B. Culberson (D–Texas)
Republican Conference Chairman:
Charles H. Grosvenor (R–Ohio)
Clerk of the House:
Alexander McDowell
Sergeant at Arms:
Benjamin F. Russell 1
Herman W. Snow
Chaplain of the House:
Henry N. Couden – Universalist
William J. Glenn
J. C. McElroy
Clerk at the Speaker's Table:
Asher C. Hinds

To view complete lists of individuals who have served in these leadership and official positions since the 1st Congress, visit the People section


1Elected December 2, 1895.