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52nd Congress (1891–1893)

Congressional Profile

Total Membership:

  • 332 Representatives
  • 4 Delegates

Party Divisions:*

  • 238 Democrats
  • 86 Republicans
  • 8 Populists

*Party division totals are based on election day results.

Congress Overview

Democrats won control of the House, but the Senate and presidency remained Republican after the 1890 elections. Nevertheless, the ambitious and cooperative 52nd Congress (1891–1893) enacted an eight-hour workday for federal blue-collar workers, mandated new safety requirements on railway companies, and renewed the Chinese Exclusion Act for 10 years. In foreign policy, President Benjamin Harrison submitted a Hawaiian annexation treaty, but Congress adjourned before considering it. Despite its legislative record, this Congress failed to address the country’s mounting financial crises, and as the economy teetered on the edge of recession Populist unrest began popping up across the country.

Historical Highlights

See more Historical Highlights.

Member Information

  • Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress, (1774–2005), Official Annotated Membership Roster by State with Vacancy and Special Election Information for the 52nd Congress. [PDF]
  • Learn more about the House of Representatives with an interactive map

Learn more about the People of the People's House

Leadership & Officers

Speaker of the House:
Charles F. Crisp (D–Georgia)
Democratic Caucus Chairman:
William S. Holman (D–Indiana)
Republican Conference Chairman:
Thomas J. Henderson (R–Illinois)
Clerk of the House:
James Kerr
Sergeant at Arms:
Adoniram Holmes
Chaplain of the House:
Henry Milburn – Methodist
Doorkeeper:
Charles H. Turner
Postmaster:
J. W. Hathaway
Clerk at the Speaker's Table:
Charles R. Crisp

To view complete lists of individuals who have served in these leadership and official positions since the 1st Congress, visit the People section