*Party division totals are based on election day results.
The 1882 election produced a new Democratic House and a familiar Republican Senate. The 48th Congress (1883–1885) replaced Alaska’s military rule with a civil territorial government, passed the Second Chinese Exclusion Act, and stiffened the penalties for violating immigration policy. Congress continued to shift away from the civil rights legislation of the Reconstruction Era in favor of addressing America’s emerging industrial economy. Congress established bureaus of labor and of animal industry, and modified tariff rates to encourage American shipbuilding.