*Party division totals are based on election day results.
The 43rd Congress (1873–1875) confronted a weak U.S. economy and widespread government corruption. When the railroad bubble burst in 1873, Western farmers lashed out against wealthy financiers and their attempt to corner the gold market. Public disillusionment deepened as a series of scandals came to light. Sensitive to the outcry, Congress repealed parts of the generous pay raise from the 42nd Congress (1871–1873) and investigated executive-branch corruption. As a result, the Treasury Secretary and the Postmaster General resigned.