*Party division totals are based on election day results.
The 42nd Congress (1871–1873) began with President Ulysses S. Grant’s request for additional power to combat domestic terrorism against freedmen at the polls. Congress responded with the Third Ku Klux Klan Act and a joint committee to investigate conditions in Southern states. After a failed attempt to establish a provisional civil-service program, Congress began investigating bribes in the form of Crédit Mobilier stock given to various Members of Congress to ensure the passage of the Pacific Railroad Act. Congress also passed legislation that doubled the salaries of federal officials and Members of Congress.