Congress Profiles

Choose which Congress to display:

2nd Congress (1791–1793)

Congressional Profile

Total Membership:

  • 69 Representatives

Party Divisions:*

  • 39 Pro-Administration
  • 30 Anti-Administration

*Party division totals are based on election day results.

Congress Overview

Emergent political factions made the 2nd Congress (1791–1793) contentious. One group favored President George Washington and his decision to strengthen federal authority, while another sniped at his Treasury Secretary, Alexander Hamilton, for having centralized the nation’s banking power. Factionalism got so bad that some Members attempted unsuccessfully to investigate Treasury Department operations. This Congress established the post office system, required all able-bodied males to join a state militia, and enacted a Fugitive Slave Act. The House, in its first congressional investigation, examined a military disaster on the western frontier after American Indians routed U.S. troops.

Historical Highlights

See more Historical Highlights.

Member Information

  • Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress, (1774–2005), Official Annotated Membership Roster by State with Vacancy and Special Election Information for the 1st Congress. [PDF]
  • Learn more about the House of Representatives with an interactive map

Learn more about the People of the People's House

Leadership & Officers

Speaker of the House:
Jonathan Trumbull, Connecticut
Clerk of the House:
John Beckley
Sergeant at Arms:
Joseph Wheaton
Chaplain of the House:
Samuel Blair – Presbyterian
Doorkeeper:
Gifford Dalley

To view complete lists of individuals who have served in these leadership and official positions since the 1st Congress, visit the People section