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29th Congress (1845–1847)

Congressional Profile

Total Membership:

  • 228 Representatives
  • 2 Delegates

Party Divisions:*

  • 142 Democrats
  • 79 Whigs
  • 6 American

*Party division totals are based on election day results.

Congress Overview

The 1844 elections enhanced the Democratic House majority, gave Democrats control of the Senate, and put a Democrat in the White House. The 29th Congress (1845–1847) passed the second of two resolutions admitting Texas as a state and declared war against Mexico after a military clash in disputed Texas territory. Pennsylvania’s David Wilmot rekindled sectional fears after introducing a House amendment that would prohibit slavery in any territories gained from Mexico. The Senate blocked the spending bill with the Proviso attached, and approved the Oregon Treaty, which established the country’s northern Pacific boundary.

Historical Highlights

See more Historical Highlights.

Member Information

  • Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress, (1774–2005), Official Annotated Membership Roster by State with Vacancy and Special Election Information for the 29th Congress. [PDF]
  • Learn more about the House of Representatives with an interactive map

Learn more about the People of the People's House

Leadership & Officers

Speaker of the House:
John W. Davis (D–Indiana)
Clerk of the House:
Benjamin French
Sergeant at Arms:
Newton Lane
Chaplain of the House:
William Henry Milburn – Methodist
William T.S. Sprole – Presbyterian
Doorkeeper:
Cornelius S. Whitney
Postmaster:
John M. Johnson

To view complete lists of individuals who have served in these leadership and official positions since the 1st Congress, visit the People section