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25th Congress (1837–1839)

Congressional Profile

Total Membership:

  • 242 Representatives
  • 3 Delegates

Party Divisions:*

  • 128 Democrats
  • 100 Whigs
  • 7 Anti-Masonics
  • 6 Nullifiers
  • 1 Independent

*Party division totals are based on election day results.

Congress Overview

Democrats and Whigs emerged as formal party organizations and dominated the 1836 elections. Democrats opened the 25th Congress (1837–1839) amid widespread financial collapse, and quickly ordered new Treasury notes to help relieve the pressure on America’s economy. The House continued its effort to gag antislavery petitions despite opposition from former President and now Massachusetts Representative John Quincy Adams. Congress also banned challenging or accepting a duel in the District of Columbia after Kentucky Representative William Graves shot and killed Maine Representative Jonathan Cilley.

Historical Highlights

See more Historical Highlights.

Member Information

  • Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress, (1774–2005), Official Annotated Membership Roster by State with Vacancy and Special Election Information for the 25th Congress. [PDF]
  • Learn more about the House of Representatives with an interactive map

Learn more about the People of the People's House

Leadership & Officers

Speaker of the House:
James K. Polk (D–Tennessee)
Clerk of the House:
Hugh A. Garland
Walter S. Franklin
Sergeant at Arms:
Roderick Dorsey
Chaplain of the House:
Levi R. Reese – Methodist
Oliver C. Comstock – Baptist
Septimus Tustin – Presbyterian
Doorkeeper:
Overton Carr
Postmaster:
William J. McCormick 1

To view complete lists of individuals who have served in these leadership and official positions since the 1st Congress, visit the People section

Footnotes

1It is assumed that McCormick was the Postmaster during the 25th Congress, but the documentation is sparse.