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24th Congress (1835–1837)

Congressional Profile

Total Membership:

  • 242 Representatives
  • 4 Delegates

Party Divisions:*

  • 75 Anti-Jacksons
  • 143 Jacksons
  • 16 Anti-Masonics
  • 8 Nullifiers

*Party division totals are based on election day results.

Congress Overview

Jacksonian Democrats controlled the 24th Congress (1835–1837), which regulated the state banks that replaced the Second Bank of the United States, and routinized operations in the Post Office Department. After an abolitionist campaign began flooding Congress with antislavery petitions, the House responded by automatically tabling such petitions without consideration. Antislavery Members, including John Quincy Adams of Massachusetts, undertook efforts to repeal the “gag” rule denouncing it as a violation of their constituents’ right to freedom of speech. Adams’ fervent opposition almost led to his censure.

Historical Highlights

 See more Historical Highlights.

Member Information

  • Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress, (1774–2005), Official Annotated Membership Roster by State with Vacancy and Special Election Information for the 24th Congress. [PDF]
  • Learn more about the House of Representatives with an interactive map

Learn more about the People of the People's House

Leadership & Officers

Speaker of the House:
James K. Polk (D–Tennessee)
Clerk of the House:
Walter S. Franklin
Sergeant at Arms:
Roderick Dorsey 1
Thomas B. Randolph
Chaplain of the House:
Edward Dunlap Smith – Presbyterian
Oliver C. Comstock – Baptist
Thomas H. Stockton – Methodist
Doorkeeper:
Overton Carr
Postmaster:
William J. McCormick 2

To view complete lists of individuals who have served in these leadership and official positions since the 1st Congress, visit the People section

Footnotes

1Elected Dec. 15, 1835

2See, contingency report H. Misc. Doc. 19 and H. Misc. Doc. 7 from the 24th Congress, 1st sess.