*Party division totals are based on election day results.
Jacksonian Democrats controlled the 24th Congress (1835–1837), which regulated the state banks that replaced the Second Bank of the United States, and routinized operations in the Post Office Department. After an abolitionist campaign began flooding Congress with antislavery petitions, the House responded by automatically tabling such petitions without consideration. Antislavery Members, including John Quincy Adams of Massachusetts, undertook efforts to repeal the “gag” rule denouncing it as a violation of their constituents’ right to freedom of speech. Adams’ fervent opposition almost led to his censure.