*Party division totals are based on election day results.
The 1832 election produced divided rule in the 23rd Congress (1833–1835). Whigs controlled the Senate, and Democrats controlled the House. President Andrew Jackson and the House Democrats treated his re-election as a mandate in favor of their party platform. When Jackson dispersed federal investments to “pet banks” in the states, rather than depositing them in the Second Bank of the United States, Congress demanded evidence justifying his decision. Jackson refused and argued that Congress was interfering with presidential prerogatives. The Senate then censured the President.
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To view complete lists of individuals who have served in these leadership and official positions since the 1st Congress, visit the People section
1Elected Dec. 3, 1833
2See, contingency report H. Misc. Doc. 28 from the 24th Congress, 1st sess.