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21st Congress (1829–1831)

Congressional Profile

Total Membership:

  • 213 Representatives
  • 3 Delegates

Party Divisions:*

  • 72 Anti-Jacksons
  • 136 Jacksons
  • 5 Anti-Masonics

*Party division totals are based on election day results.

Andrew Stevenson/tiles/non-collection/s/speaker_Stevenson_2005_16_11_1.xml Collection of the U.S. House of Representatives
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Congress Overview

The 21st Congress (1829–1831) signaled the beginning of Jacksonian Democracy in America, in which the general public took on a more pronounced role in government affairs. The clamor for more land and new resources led Congress to pass the Indian Removal Act, which forced American Indians from the southeast to leave their ancestral homes and resettle west of the Mississippi River. Poor planning and a lack of funding made for terrible conditions during the trek westward. The path those refugees followed became infamous as the “Trail of Tears.”

Historical Highlights

See more Historical Highlights.

Member Information

  • Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress, (1774–2005), Official Annotated Membership Roster by State with Vacancy and Special Election Information for the 21st Congress. [PDF]
  • Learn more about the House of Representatives with an interactive map

Learn more about the People of the People's House

Leadership & Officers

Speaker of the House:
Andrew Stevenson (D–Virginia)
Clerk of the House:
Matthew St. Clair Clarke
Sergeant at Arms:
John O. Dunn
Chaplain of the House:
Ralph Randolph Gurley – Presbyterian
Reuben Post – Presbyterian
Doorkeeper:
Benjamin Birch

To view complete lists of individuals who have served in these leadership and official positions since the 1st Congress, visit the People section