*Party division totals are based on election day results.
The Jacksonians won control of the House and maintained control over the Senate in 1826. But like earlier, the 20th Congress (1827–1829) spent much of its legislative energy preparing for the upcoming presidential election. Andrew Jackson was summarily denigrated or praised in bill after bill. The legacy of this Congress was the “Tariff of Abominations” which drastically raised tariff rates in favor of New England and the Middle Atlantic states at the expense of the South. John Randolph of Virginia dismissed the tariff as a Jacksonian bill for “the manufacture of a President.”
To view complete lists of individuals who have served in these leadership and official positions since the 1st Congress, visit the People section