*Party division totals are based on election day results.
The 19th Congress (1825–1827) aggressively opposed the new presidential administration of John Quincy Adams, who many believed had stolen the election from Andrew Jackson. The House chose Adams amidst the indecisive Electoral College count. But when Adams nominated Speaker Henry Clay to become Secretary of State, Jackson’s supporters howled that Adams had bargained his way into the presidency. Congress also refused to fund U.S. participation in the Panama Congress of independent states of the Western Hemisphere until it was too late, and more or less simply marked time before the next presidential election by voting down administration proposals.
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To view complete lists of individuals who have served in these leadership and official positions since the 1st Congress, visit the People section