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17th Congress (1821–1823)

Congressional Profile

Total Membership:

  • 187 Representatives
  • 4 Delegates

Party Divisions:*

  • 32 Federalists
  • 155 Jeffersonian Republicans

*Party division totals are based on election day results.

Congress Overview

The steady decline of the Federalists left the 17th Congress (1821–1823) in the hands of the Jeffersonian Republicans, but partisan triumph began giving way to political and personal factionalism. After Spain transferred the Florida territory to the U.S., Congress authorized its new territorial government, and Joseph Hernández was elected Florida’s Delegate, becoming the first Hispanic American elected to Congress. Congress also appropriated funds for diplomatic missions to the Latin American countries that had just won independence from Spain.

Historical Highlights

See more Historical Highlights.

Member Information

  • Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress, (1774–2005), Official Annotated Membership Roster by State with Vacancy and Special Election Information for the 17th Congress. [PDF]
  • Learn more about the House of Representatives with an interactive map

Learn more about the People of the People's House

Leadership & Officers

Speaker of the House:
Philip P. Barbour (D–Virginia)
Clerk of the House:
Matthew St. Clair Clarke
Thomas Dougherty
Sergeant at Arms:
Thomas Dunn
Chaplain of the House:
Jared Sparks – Unitarian
John Brackenridge – Presbyterian
John Nicholson Campbell – Presbyterian
Doorkeeper:
Benjamin Birch

To view complete lists of individuals who have served in these leadership and official positions since the 1st Congress, visit the People section