*Party division totals are based on election day results.
The steady decline of the Federalists left the 17th Congress (1821–1823) in the hands of the Jeffersonian Republicans, but partisan triumph began giving way to political and personal factionalism. After Spain transferred the Florida territory to the U.S., Congress authorized its new territorial government, and Joseph Hernández was elected Florida’s Delegate, becoming the first Hispanic American elected to Congress. Congress also appropriated funds for diplomatic missions to the Latin American countries that had just won independence from Spain.
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To view complete lists of individuals who have served in these leadership and official positions since the 1st Congress, visit the People section