*Party division totals are based on election day results.
/tiles/non-collection/s/speaker_Barbour_2005_16_10_1.xmlCollection of the U.S. House of Representatives About this object
The steady decline of the Federalists left the 17th Congress (1821–1823) in the hands of the Jeffersonian Republicans, but partisan triumph began giving way to political and personal factionalism. After Spain transferred the Florida territory to the U.S., Congress authorized its new territorial government, and Joseph Hernández was elected Florida’s Delegate, becoming the first Hispanic American elected to Congress. Congress also appropriated funds for diplomatic missions to the Latin American countries that had just won independence from Spain.