*Party division totals are based on election day results.
The 14th Congress (1815–1817) met near the Capitol ruins where carpenters and slaves had begun rebuilding it after the British burned it during the war. This Congress strengthened the army and navy, authorized the Second Bank of the United States, and passed a revenue-generating protective tariff. South Carolina Representative John Calhoun sponsored a bill to create a national transportation infrastructure that President James Madison vetoed. Members of Congress shifted their compensation from a per diem to a session basis but reversed themselves during the lame-duck session when voters—believing it to be a raid on the Treasury—cried foul.
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To view complete lists of individuals who have served in these leadership and official positions since the 1st Congress, visit the People section