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14th Congress (1815–1817)

Congressional Profile

Total Membership:

  • 183 Representatives
  • 4 Delegates

Party Divisions:*

  • 64 Federalists
  • 119 Jeffersonian Republicans

*Party division totals are based on election day results.

Congress Overview

The 14th Congress (1815–1817) met near the Capitol ruins where carpenters and slaves had begun rebuilding it after the British burned it during the war. This Congress strengthened the army and navy, authorized the Second Bank of the United States, and passed a revenue-generating protective tariff. South Carolina Representative John Calhoun sponsored a bill to create a national transportation infrastructure that President James Madison vetoed. Members of Congress shifted their compensation from a per diem to a session basis but reversed themselves during the lame-duck session when voters—believing it to be a raid on the Treasury—cried foul.

Historical Highlights

See more Historical Highlights.

 

Member Information

  • Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress, (1774–2005), Official Annotated Membership Roster by State with Vacancy and Special Election Information for the 14th Congress. [PDF]
  • Learn more about the House of Representatives with an interactive map

Learn more about the People of the People's House

Leadership & Officers

Speaker of the House:
Henry Clay (D–Kentucky)
Clerk of the House:
Thomas Dougherty
Sergeant at Arms:
Thomas Dunn
Chaplain of the House:
Burgess Allison – Baptist
Obadiah Bruen Brown – Baptist
Spencer Houghton Cone – Baptist
Doorkeeper:
Thomas Claxton

To view complete lists of individuals who have served in these leadership and official positions since the 1st Congress, visit the People section