*Party division totals are based on election day results.
Democrats controlled Congress and the White House for the first time in 12 years after the 1992 elections. The 103rd Congress (1993–1995) passed the Family and Medical Leave Act, and refocused away from its Cold War foreign policy with a law providing assistance to newly independent former Soviet states. As well, Congress approved the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) and the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT).
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1Resigned January 10, 1994; resignation accepted January 21, 1994. See the Congressional Record, 103rd Cong. 2nd sess. (February 3, 1994): 282.
2A specific appointment date could not be located. For the approximate appointment date, see the CQ Almanac (1994) overview of the 103rd Congress: 13; and Roll Call, 17 January 1994.
3Appointed due to Brown's retirement. See, Congressional Record, 103rd Cong., 2nd sess., (September 20, 1994): 9227.