*Party division totals are based on election day results.
Democrats maintained their congressional majorities after the 1990 elections. Foreign policy dominated the 102nd Congress (1991–1993), which authorized the use of force in response to Iraq’s invasion of Kuwait and rapidly passed legislation to support future Gulf War veterans. The Senate ratified the Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty which cut U.S. and Soviet long-range missiles and bombers by a third. Congress also approved a ban on underground nuclear tests beginning in 1996.
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1Elected July 11, 1991, but did not assume office until September 11, 1991.
2Resigned from the House, September 11, 1991.
3Resigned March 12, 1992. See, Congressional Record, 102nd Cong., 2nd sess., (March 12, 1992): 1224.
4Appointed by the Speaker on March 12, 1992, “to act as and to exercise temporarily” the duties of the Sergeant at Arms. See, Congressional Record, 102nd Cong., 2nd sess., (March 12, 1992): 1224.
5Appointed October 23, 1992
6Appointed March 31, 1992, “to act as and exercise temporarily” duties of the Postmaster; see, Congressional Record, 102nd Cong., 2nd sess., (March 31, 1992): 2070.