History, Art & Archives of the U.S. House of Representatives

Edition for Educators—Continental Congress

Fifteen years before the First Federal Congress met, Great Britain’s American colonies convened a Continental Congress in response to the Intolerable Acts, a series of taxes imposed in the wake of the Boston Tea Party incident of December 1773. The Continental Congress was dissolved after ratification of the Constitution, and prior to the convening of the First Federal Congress in the spring of 1789.

More >

Chasing Congress Away

John Dickinson
In the summer of 1783, a rowdy, slightly tipsy band of unpaid soldiers chased the Continental Congress from Philadelphia, its home for much of the Revolutionary War.

More >
Categories: Continental Congress, War

Picking Sides: Loyalists in the Legislature

When the Second Continental Congress convened in 1775, firebrands including Samuel Adams of Massachusetts and Patrick Henry of Virginia steered the 13 colonies of the United States toward a complete break with Great Britain. But that sentiment wasn’t universally shared a year earlier by members of the First Continental Congress. Grievances against British government policies were rife in the session which met in 1774, but some, notably Isaac Low of New York and Joseph Galloway of Pennsylvania, counseled against fully separating from the British Empire.

More >
Categories: Continental Congress